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First Aid

factory haze

Unit Summary

Assistant doctors of emergency task force have to prepare a first aid kit for the school. They conduct research about different kinds of first aid kits and steps to be followed before proper medication in case of emergencies. They prepare flyers to spread awareness, design a first aid kit for their school and demonstrate its usage through a multimedia presentation during the “Safety Awareness day”.

Curriculum Framing Questions

  • Essential Question
    Are you always safe?
  • Unit Question
    How will you keep your friends safe in the school?
  • Content Questions
    What is first aid?
    What will you do to stop heavy bleeding?
    What is Sprain?
    What is fracture?

Assessment Processes

View how a variety of student-centered assessments are used in the First Aid Unit Plan. These assessments help students and teachers set goals; monitor student progress; provide feedback; assess thinking, processes, performances, and products; and reflect on learning throughout the learning cycle.

Instructional Procedures

Prior to instruction

  • Prepare “Assistant Doctors” badges for students
  • Draft a letter describing project scenario addressed to students
  • Prepare collaboration checklist for guiding students
  • Prepare list of websites for reference
  • Make interview checklist to help students conduct interview
  • Optional:- Arrange for a video on emergencies and steps to be followed in emergencies
  • Prepare learning basics sheet to conduct interim assessment of students
  • Prepare multimedia presentation story board and scoring guide to support students.
  • Prepare flyer scoring sheet to explain expectations from flyer
  • Arrange for a session with local/resident doctor.

Class wise activity:
Introduction (1 period)

Begin the class by asking essential question, “Are we always safe?” Have students note down the responses in the journal. Divide students in groups of 5 at the most and have them discuss the question in groups. Encourage students to think about safety at home, school, outdoors, etc. Make them note down their response in their journals.

Ask groups to share experiences they have had or know about in which someone was injured, either at home or at school. One person in the group will be responsible for recording their experiences. When the groups have finished, let each group share their injury stories. List the different kinds of injuries and have students edit their responses on “Are we always safe?” in the journals.

Project Scenario (1 period)
Divide students in new groups. Introduce the project scenario by reading letter (doc) addressed to their class by the school principal. Describe the project scenario in the letter. Make copies of letter and distribute it among groups. Have students discuss the project and make queries. As assistant doctors, they have been assigned the task to prepare a first aid kit for school. They also have to spread awareness about the steps to be followed before proper medication in case of emergencies. Provide badges for students to wear during the project and orient each group to work as a team. Distribute collaboration checklist (doc) and have students discuss the same in groups and make queries.

Research (3 periods)
Provide time for students to conduct research on various emergency situations and first aid kits. Ask students to start making list of requirements for first aid kits and note down the procedure for various emergencies. Provide students with list of websites (doc) to refer to during the project. Orient students to discuss with their parents, neighbours and within groups. Have students note down their learning in their journals. Monitor each group closely and arrange one to one conferences with groups during the session.

Students might come across names of medicines and certain words which might be difficult for them to comprehend. Have students list such words and inform them that they can clarify such queries during the session arranged with a resident/local doctor.

Interview with Doctor (2 periods)
Provide time for students to ask their queries to the local/resident doctor in the school. Make students note down their questions for the interview and assign responsibilities within the group. Make students aware that they can also take a tape recorder for interview session but they need to make sure they ask permission from the doctor to record the interview. Distribute interview checklist (doc) and discuss the same with students.

Have students interview the doctor. Provide time for students to discuss the interview and their experience. Have students rate their performance in the interview checklist.

Extension: Show video on Emergency Management. Orient students that many of us will be faced with hundreds of common emergencies, some major and most minor. Either way it will be up to us to be that “first responder” and provide appropriate aid to the victim. This is why it will be so important to know first aid procedures when an accident has taken place. Instruct the students to watch the videos attentively as it would provide first aid techniques that might help them in similar emergency situations.

First Aid Assessment (1 period + 2 remedial periods)
Provide students with learning basics sheets (doc) and ask them to answer each question based on their research, interview and discussions. Make students fill in the sheet individually and insist that they fill it using their own words. If required, the students can use the research reference sheets to complete responses but it has to be reframed in their own words. Provide time limit for filling in the sheets. Monitor closely and take note of students who are struggling with the answers.

Have students exchange the sheets and check their peer’s sheets. Provide guidance and list of correct answers to each student. Use the scores and the observation of students for arranging an extra session with students to provide remedial class.

First Aid Kit (1 period)
Provide time for students to assemble their first aid kits. Ask students to make a list of all the items to be included in the first aid kit. Provide time for students to collect first aid items and arrange the same in the kits. Ask students to note down the cost details of the same. Instruct students to explain the need of first aid and the usage of their first aid kits through a multimedia presentation during the “Safety Awareness day”.

Multimedia Presentation (4 periods)
Provide time for students to fill in the multimedia presentation story board (doc) and discuss in their groups. Monitor each group closely and provide assistance wherever required. Share multimedia presentation scoring guide (doc) to share the expectation with the students. Discuss the scoring guide with students to make sure they understand each criterion. Provide time for students to make multimedia presentation.

Flyer Making (2 periods)
Ask students to make flyers for spreading awareness in the school and for display during Safety Awareness Day. Distribute flyer scoring sheet (doc) to explain the different criteria clearly. Provide computer session and required guidance.

Safety Awareness Day (1 period)
Make students arrange their first aid kit in the display area and put the flyers (doc) on the school display board. Invite students of different classes and teachers for the safety awareness day. Distribute invitation to parents, students and teachers of different classes and principal. Have students showcase the multimedia presentation (ppt) to other classes and teachers. Ask students to assign task to each group member and make sure each student gets chance to explain the presentation to audience. Assess group’s performance on the basis of multimedia presentation scoring guide and flyer scoring sheet.

Wrap Up (1 period)
Have students revisit the essential question and reflect on their learning. Have students reflect on the entire project and randomly select different students to share their reflections.

Prerequisite Skills

Conceptual Knowledge

  • General idea of emergencies and certain common medical terms
  • Basics about safety

Technological Skills
Familiarity with:

  • Multimedia Presentations
  • Microsoft Word* Processing,
  • Internet Explorer

Differentiated Instruction

Resource Student

  • Provide extra reading material about first aid
  • Discuss the project requirements and set individual goals for each activity
  • Closely monitor progress and support with extra worksheets
  • Self assessment integrated with the activities to assess where they need to improve.

Gifted Student

  • Assign additional responsibilities like they will ensure that the activities as well as the objective of the activities are clearly understood by all.
  • Make them responsible for active participation of each team member.
  • Make them play a lead role in organising the interview and Safety Awareness Day.

Credits

This project idea has been developed by Asmita Chouhan and Sheetal Achoriwala A team of teachers expanded the plan into the example you see here.

First Aid

At a Glance

Grade: 5-6
Subject: Science
Topic: Social Science, Mathematics, Language Arts
Key Learnings:
Basic information about first aid for injuries, burns and wounds, precautions for emergencies
Time Needed:
19 periods of 40 minutes each