Shandong University: Supporting Diverse Workloads

An Environment-as-a-Service model supports traditional and non-traditional HPC, AI/ML, analytics, bioinformatics, and more.

At a Glance:

  • China's Shandong University hosts the Shandong Center for HPC, one of the world’s largest grid computing implementations.

  • Built with Intel® Xeon® Scalable processors and Cornelis Networks products1, the new HPC resource supports traditional HPC jobs, research in AI/ML, analytics, and bioinformatics, plus non-traditional workloads and personal desktops.



Executive Summary

Shandong University, founded in 1901, is one of the oldest and most prestigious universities in China. It is the second national university established in the country and one of the first in China to install high performance computing (HPC) resources. The School hosts the Shandong Center for High Performance Computing, an HPC and resource sharing platform established in 2002. It provides an environment for world-class modern research for fundamental science, material science, bioscience, environmental science, and computing, including grid technology, parallel computing, mass data processing, cryptanalysis, and virtual reality and visualization technology. The center is a milestone for the national computing environment and a critical component of the ChinaGrid project, one of the world’s largest grid computing implementations.


HPC resources in Shandong University are needed across a diversity of learning disciplines and environments, and to support national initiatives. The insights needed to support China’s ongoing 5-year plans have leveraged HPC resources. The Shandong Center for High Performance Computing has undertaken some key research and development programs under the Eleventh, Twelfth, and Thirteenth Five-Year Plans. It is also part of the National 863 Plan, a program established in 1986 to stimulate technology development in China.

The supercomputing center supports research across Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning (AI/ML), experimental teaching and virtual/augmented reality, big data and others, serving both sophisticated and unexperienced users. Thus, Shandong University recognized the need to provide computing resources that extend beyond traditional simulation and modeling used by the empirical sciences. To meet the needs of a hugely diverse user audience, the center focused on building their next HPC system to provide Environments as a Service (EaaS).

Running as EaaS, the new supercomputer needed to support multiple operating systems (OS), various software versions (not just the latest one), deep learning frameworks, and more that could run on the x86 instruction set processors and GPUs. The hardware and software needed to be easy to manage and operate for both system administrators and users. The solution had to provide both large-scale and small-scale HPC cluster computing and powerful desktop-like environments—all enabled through user-focused interfaces that simplified and accelerated each environment deployment.


In designing their HPC system, the Shandong Center for High Performance Computing employed smart microcode and container and mobile application technologies on a cloud service platform all based on a hybrid architecture. To support a sophisticated environment that was user-friendly yet able a wide base of research needs, open sharing, and efficient management, their software included bar code scanning. The enhancements will simplify user logins, enable social-based mobile applications to push notifications to users, and provide an environment that allows self-administration of systems, environments, applications, and data for each user.

Shandong University’s new system incorporates Intel® Xeon® Scalable processors interconnected by Cornelis Networks fabric.

The project began in March 2017. Built by Huawei and Clustertech, the new system includes 172 nodes of dual-socket Intel® Xeon® Gold 6132 processor interconnected by Cornelis Networks fabric. The cloud service platform delivers 380 teraFLOPS of performance (e)2 with 1.6PB storage capacity. It was jointly launched in July 2018 by Huawei, Clustertech, Intel, and the university.

System Management software provides one-click configuration and installation and batch installation, and supports dynamic capacity expansion or reduction based on the service traffic. It’s also provides intelligent power consumption management. It can monitor, and analyze, and diagnose various energy efficiency indicators, and take action based on the analysis and diagnosis results to reduce power consumption. The software also supports centralized monitoring and unified management of various devices.

Per Huawei, the infrastructure provides board-level to system-level energy-saving measures, intuitive real-time monitoring, and dynamic energy-saving technologies to reduce power consumption by up to 40 percent.3 The system-level energy-saving measures include:

  • Efficient uninterruptible power systems (UPSs)
  • In-row air conditioners
  • Frequency-conversion cooling
  • Modular design
  • Natural cooling
  • NetEco intelligent power consumption management software

These measures decrease the overall power usage effectiveness (PUE) to less than 1.2.


Since deployment, the new system has supported projects running a wide range of OSs, parallel workloads, AI/ML jobs, data analytics, and more.

The new system leverages widespread use of mobile devices by integrating mobile services for authentication, self-administration of users’ workloads and data, and push-notifications of job activities and status. This allows users to have greater awareness and control of their projects running on the new system.

Meeting the needs of a very wide user base across multiple research areas and computational applications, the system is built for a wide variety of workloads. TensorFlow* and Jupyter are installed for deep learning and AI applications; several bioinformatics tools support easy biodata analysis workflows. The cluster has become a public open platform that integrates various biological information analysis functions, such as data uploading and processing, sequence alignment assembly, sequence analysis, SNP/WGA analysis, and data visualization for bioinformatics.

Figure 1. Recent environments and workloads

The new cluster also supports traditional computational sciences, including computational chemistry with applications like Gaussian and GaussView, enabling building, analysis, and visualization of complex molecules and materials. And, supporting the ChinaGrid distributed computing model, users can request cluster resources that the system then orchestrates into virtual HPC clusters for their jobs, all through a sophisticated yet easy to use queue management system.

Solution Summary

Shandong University’s Center for High Performance Computing needed their next HPC resource to serve a wide diversity of users with a range of computer experience and computing needs. They deployed a 172-node cluster running a sophisticated stack of software to support traditional HPC jobs, modern research in AI/ML, analytics, and bioinformatics, and non-traditional workloads and personal desktops in an Environment as a Service model. The cluster was built on Intel® Xeon® Gold processors and an Cornelis Networks fabric.

Solution Ingredients

  • Intel® Xeon® 6132 Gold processors
  • Cornelis Networks fabric
  • Server: Huawei FusionServer* 2488H V5/ Huawei FusionServer* 1288H V5 172
  • Storage: Huawei OceanStor* 2600 V3
  • Filesystem: Lustre*
  • System Management: Huawei eSight*
  • Infrastructure: Huawei Fusion Module* 2000

Product and Performance Information


Intel has spun out the Omni-Path business to Cornelis Networks, an independent Intel Capital portfolio company. Cornelis Networks will continue to serve and sell to existing and new customers by delivering leading purpose-built high-performance network products for high performance computing and artificial intelligence. Intel believes Cornelis Networks will expand the ecosystem of high-performance fabric solutions, offering options to customers building clusters for HPC and AI based on Intel® Xeon™ processors. Additional details on the divestiture and transition of Omni-Path products can be found at


Note that “e” means “estimated”; Performance measurement comes from the calculated theoretical Linpack performance based on the CPU and nodes number. HPL Linpack Rpeak is: 2.6GHz*14*2*32*172=400TFlops, over 380TeraFlops. System configuration: Huawei FusionServer 1288H V5*/ Huawei FusionServer 2488H V5 *172 with Intel® Xeon® 6132 Gold processors (14Cores/2.6G/140w), Intel® Omni-Path Architecture (Intel® OPA) fabric, Huawei OceanStor 2600 V3 *2 (8*80TB HDD) and related 300TB system disk, Lustre, Huawei eSight*, and Huawei Fusion Module 2000*.


In Huawei Fusion Module 2000* system, board-level liquid cooling PUE is about 1.1, and the average air-cooled PUE is about 1.6, so heat dissipation efficiency is improved by about 40% [(1.6-1.1)/1.1]. Source: Huawei.