What Is IoT-Based Fleet Management and Telematics?
Fleet vehicles are the driving force behind commerce and public mobility. Fleet managers have the important role of organizing and overseeing vehicles for performance, maintenance, and tracking purposes. Telematics solutions collect, store, and analyze data that can be sent to ﬂeet managers. This data helps fleet owners and managers evaluate vehicle maintenance, driver operation, and cargo management. IoT is transforming ﬂeet management with the ability to connect vehicles and capture a wide range of data about vehicle performance, route, passengers, and cargo.
Benefits of Fleet Management Systems
IoT in fleet monitoring can help improve savings, manageability, and visibility in passenger-load and cargo vehicles. The latest IoT-enabled telematics benefits not only drivers and ﬂeet managers, but also insurance companies, passengers, and advertisers:
- Greater savings: Depending on the size of the fleet, maintenance can cost owners millions of dollars. When telematics predicts ﬂeet maintenance needs, managers can fix or replace parts before the problems get too expensive. Managers can increase savings with improved route efficiency and cargo utilization management. Additionally, they can reduce fuel costs and decrease idle time when telematics is used to provide optimized routes. Managers can also see a decrease in accidents and theft, which can reduce costs associated with vehicle downtime and repairs.
- Improved manageability: Telematics helps fleet managers monitor drivers, vehicle usage, and maintenance needs. Aftermarket solutions can capture telematics data across a diverse ﬂeet of vehicle types and models. With passenger-load vehicle fleets, managers can see a more accurate passenger count. They can also easily maintain surveillance and ticketing systems inside the vehicles.
- Increased visibility and asset security: In-vehicle and edge-based solutions offer visibility inside and around the vehicle. Video feeds can be stored when needed for driver coaching or in case of an accident or litigation. Drivers are also more aware of cargo conditions during transit.
From cost savings for insurance companies to better rider experiences, IoT-enabled telematics provides a variety of benefits for stakeholders beyond traditional ﬂeet management.
- Insurance companies: When vehicles get into fewer accidents, insurance companies pay out fewer claims. Insurers can also benefit by using telematics data to create more thorough summaries for their underwriters.
- Telematics service providers: Service providers can tap into telematics to offer more premium à la carte services, such as video-based systems.
- Advertisers: Commercial vehicle infotainment systems can recommend upcoming destinations or relevant products.
- Service shops: With telematics informing predictive maintenance, mechanics and service shops can work more efficiently.
- Passengers: In public transportation systems, solutions such as touchless ticketing, video surveillance, passenger information, and Wi-Fi service can improve the passenger experience. Telematics can also determine when in-cabin parts, such as seats or handles, need repair or replacement.
Depending on the size of the ﬂeet, maintenance can cost owners millions of dollars. When telematics predicts maintenance needs, managers can fix or replace parts before the problems get too expensive.
Use Cases for IoT in Fleet Management
IoT-enabled telematics supports a range of use cases to improve on fleet management. Whether enhancing predictive maintenance or ﬂeet operation, fleet managers can feel more confident with tools that help protect and manage their vehicles, assets, and employees efficiently.
Advanced driver management systems like blind-spot assistance and backup cameras can alert drivers to objects blocking the road, people crossing the street, or other vehicles driving dangerously. In-cabin cameras can alert drivers and recommend that they stop and rest when needed. Video data can be stored for use in case of an accident.
IEI Integration Corporation uses the Intel Atom® processor to power driver management solutions like its ITG-100AI embedded PC, which uses computer vision to monitor drivers for drowsiness and distraction. These applications notify control center operators of a driver’s condition in near real-time.
Software vendor IncluIT has developed a driver management system powered by the Intel Distribution of OpenVINO Toolkit to detect driver fatigue and help avoid potentially dangerous situations.
With the latest telematics solutions, sensors inside the vehicle detect when to change the oil, change brake pads, replace an old battery, or rotate tires. This helps maintenance crews address any issues ahead of time. It also helps prevent damaged motors, dysfunctional brakes, dead and old batteries, and less-tractable tires, which lead to higher costs. Predictive maintenance work can also improve fuel efficiency, lowering costs.
To help with predictive maintenance, Lanner Electronics Inc. worked with Intel to develop the V6S10-Port PoE Fanless Vehicle NVR. This single open platform runs multiple workloads, allowing access to cameras, sensors, and other devices. By converging workloads, managers can easily deploy predictive maintenance applications and reduce service repair costs.
Asset and Cargo Management
Telematics plays a large role in supply chain and logistics. Temperature control, surveillance, and vibration sensors ensure that cargo is secure during transportation. By monitoring and keeping a vehicle’s cargo hold at a set temperature, items such as food, medications, and other perishables stay fresh and consumable. With cameras and sensors surveying cargo—inside and outside of the vehicle—operators can ensure exactly what should be on the truck, and in what order. This also confirms if any cargo is lost or stolen. Vibration sensors can ensure fragile goods are secure and won’t break during transportation.
Intel® AI Builders member viso.ai helps vehicles provide a clear view of surroundings with exterior cameras that can detect objects, pedestrians, and other vehicles. Cameras can also record video clips that can be used in case of an accident or for driving coaching.
Intel and ecosystem partners LivNSense, Velociti, and Austin Bridge & Road have developed a Vision-Based Intelligent Collision Avoidance System (ViCAS) that helps enable construction firms to reduce workplace accidents through monitoring of equipment.
Passenger information systems in buses or other passenger load vehicles can provide access to Wi-Fi or deliver helpful information about routes and services. They can notify passengers if there are social distancing guidelines they must follow while aboard and if there are accommodating seats for people with disabilities. Video surveillance systems can provide statistics for bus operators about the number of riders and other protocols like social distancing and face mask usage. Touchless ticketing can connect to buses to improve the passenger experience.
Developed in partnership with Intel and Davra Networks, Cisco Connected Mass Transit connects vehicles, transit stations, and passengers with near real-time, comprehensive information. Each bus, train, and station is equipped with sensors and communication appliances to provide transit information for passengers, as well as video footage for security staff.
Transportation in Action
Intel’s ecosystem partners have developed market-ready solutions to solve challenges in ﬂeet maintenance, vehicle operation, and cargo management.
- Viso.ai created a vision-based solution for asset security and vehicle operation. By using 360-degree sensors and cameras that provide high-resolution streams, the solutions help vehicles avoid accidents and prevent theft by automatically recording anomalies around the vehicle.
- The EverFocus Intelligent Edge Solution for Transportation provides driver behavior algorithms, pedestrian detection, video storage, and a flexible backup procedure for enhanced vehicle operation.
- Genetec and Intel partnered to deliver AI-enabled ﬂeet monitoring solutions. With high-speed, scalable, and efficient IP video management solutions, Genetec helps ﬂeet managers provide a positive passenger experience, deliver an easier traveling environment, and support predictive maintenance and other aftermarket solutions.
Intel® Technologies for Fleet Management
Intel provides a full portfolio of technologies to enable telematics and other fleet management solutions. Alongside our partner ecosystem, we’re advancing the adoption of AI and IoT for ﬂeet management with products such as our vision processing units (VPUs).
|Intel® Technologies for IoT-Based Fleet Management and Telematics|
|IoT and embedded Intel® processors||IoT and embedded Intel® processors come in a range of options to deliver the right compute performance and power consumption needed for a range of in-vehicle and telematics solutions.|
|Intel® Movidius™ VPUs||Intel® Movidius™ VPUs enable vision in a range of applications, with low power that’s ideal for onboard solutions.|
|Intel® Distribution of OpenVINO™ toolkit||The Intel® Distribution of OpenVINO™ toolkit streamlines the development of vision applications on Intel® platforms, including VPUs and CPUs. This portfolio enables a range of use cases, from asset and cargo management to driver behavior.|
|Intel-supported 5G networks||Intel-supported 5G networks will improve IoT-enabled telematics while ensuring low-latency transmission via wireless networks.|
Enabling IoT and Telematics
IoT-enabled telematics is key to the future of fleet management. With a portfolio of Intel® technologies and other market-ready solutions, ﬂeet managers and owners can feel more confident with a solution that moves them forward.